coconut fibre/ coconut husk is a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes, and mattresses. Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. Other uses of brown coir (made from ripe coconut) are in upholstery padding, sacking and horticulture. White coir, harvested from unripe coconuts, is used for making finer brushes, string, rope and fishing nets.
In the past, Ropes and cordage made from coconut fibre have been in use from ancient times. Indian navigators who sailed the seas to Malaya, Java, China, and the Gulf of Arabia centuries ago used coir for their ship ropes.
But recently, the usefulness of coir fibre has been diverted to production of potting soil/coir pit or coir peat. This material is use as a source of nutrient to soil as a bed for vegetable, flower garden and horticultural. Highly reach in nutrient that supports growth of plant.
Because coir is high in sodium and potassium, it is treated before use as a growth medium for plants or fungi by soaking in a calcium buffering solution; most coir sold for growing purposes is pre-treated. The coconut peat, pith or dust, is biodegradable, but takes 20 years to decompose. Once considered as waste material. Pith is now being used as mulch, soil treatment and a hydroponic growth medium.
Trading information’s on coconut husk/ coir fibre: Green and brown coconuts, harvested after about six to 12 months on the palm, contain pliable white fibres and brown fibres respectively. Brown fibre is obtained by harvesting fully mature coconuts when the nutritious layer surrounding the seed is ready to be processed into copra and desiccated coconut. The fibrous layer of the fruit is then separated from the hard shell (manually) by driving the fruit down onto a spike to split it (dehusking). A well-seasoned husker can manually separate 2,000 coconuts per day. Machines are now available which crush the whole fruit to give the loose fibres. These machines can process up to 2,000 coconuts per hour.
Although coconut husk business required some machines and also a processing plant but it worth venturing into as an entrepreneur. Key to the fact that this is an agricultural waste. Add value to it and make some money doing it. It’s been sold at an average price of $230-$270 FOB Lagos. It’s not seasonal as you can work an extra mile to put many materials into your factory to keep it running for long time. Demand is always high in the Arabian countries. And this waste can be gotten along the coastal line of Nigeria.